State Tree – Khejari
State Flower – Rohida
State Bird – Godawan or Great Indian Bustard
State Animal – Chinkara (an antelope)
Rajasthan is a wonderful land of praiseworthy history and culture. It is a land where the awe-inspiring legends of heroism and romance still resonate from its equally amazing architectures. Rajasthan is a land where historical monuments still stand to tell the tale of the bygone era.
The magical land of Rajasthan exhibits splendor and royalty in every walk of life. The fascination of Rajasthan is unparallel in the world for its legacy, traditions, culture, safaris, sand dunes and lush green forests with its wildlife.
It is truly said that Rajasthan is a huge open-air museum with artifact so well preserved for the travelers and the inquisitive of the day. Rajasthan was a part of Ashoka’s empire in the 3rd century BC. Later in the 7th century AD the Bactrians,the Scythians,the Guptas, and Harshavardhana ruled this region.
In the 7th to 11th century Rajasthan was ruled by several Rajput dynasties. Under Bhoja I (836-885),their territory stretched from the Himalayan foothills to the Narmada and from the middle Ganges Valley to Sindh. Later the Mughal invader,Babur,defeated Rana Sangram of Mewarand capitalised his region.
In the 16th century the Mughal emperor Akbar tried to subdue the Rajputs through diplomacy and military action. While the strongholds of Ranthambore and Chittor were besieged and destroyed,other Rajput ruling houses were won over when Akbar married their princesses and appointed their nobles to important positions in the Mughal army.
This practice of contracting matrimonial alliances with the Rajputs continued after Akbar, and both the emperors,Jahangir and Shah Jahan had Rajput mothers. After the death of the emperor Aurangzeb the last believed emperor of Mughal dynasty Maratha came into influence in the region.
In the 18th century Maratha power began to decline and the British stepped in. During the freedom struggle Ajmer became the centre of political activity. After independence,the Rajput princes gradually surrendered their powers to the central government and the state of Rajasthan came into being.
The people include the Minas,the Meos,the Banjara,who are travelling tradesmen and artisans; the Bhils,one of the oldest peoples in India, and the Rabans of Marwar who are cattle breeders. The Rajputs,famed in legend,represent only a small percentage of the population.
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